void *  realloc ( void * memblock, size_t size );

Reallocate memory block.
  The size of the block pointed to by memblock parameter is changed to the size in bytes specified, expanding or reducing the amount of memory accessible in that block.
  The block could be moved to a new location in some cases, in this case the pointer returned by the function will point to the location. The content of the block will remain unchanged even if the block is moved and will be accessible from the new pointer.
  In case that memblock is NULL the function behaves exactly as malloc assigning a new block of size bytes and returning a pointer to the beginning of it.
  In case that size is 0 the memory previously allocated in memblock is deallocated and a NULL pointer is returned.   Dynamic memory allocated with malloc, calloc and realloc should be freed using free once it is no longer needed.


Pointer to a previously allocated block of memory.
If it is NULL a new block is allocated and a pointer to it is returned by the function.
size in bytes of the block of memory requested.
If it is 0 and memblock points to an existing block of memory this is deallocated and a NULL pointer is returned by the function.

Return Value.
  A pointer to the allocated space.
  The type of this pointer is void*. A type cast to the desired type of data pointer should be performed on this returned pointer in order to be used as an ordinary array of a concrete type.
  If the system could not allocate the requested block of memory or if the size requested was 0 a NULL pointer is returned.

  Defined in ANSI-C.
  Some systems may apply restrictions on the maximum size for a memory block.


/* realloc example: rememb-o-matic */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

main ()
  int input,n;
  int count=0;
  int * numbers = NULL;

  do {
     printf ("Enter an integer value (0 to end): ");
     scanf ("%d", &input);
     numbers = (int*) realloc (numbers, count * sizeof(int));
     if (numbers==NULL)
       { puts ("Error (re)allocating memory"); exit (1); }
  } while (input!=0);

  printf ("Numbers entered: ");
  for (n=0;n<count;n++) printf ("%d ",numbers[n]);
  free (numbers);

  return 0;
The program prompts the user for numbers until a 0 is entered. Each time a new value is introduced the memory block pointed by numbers is increased by the size of an int.

See also.
  free, calloc, malloc

© The C++ Resources Network, 2000