strtol
long strtol ( const char * string, char** endptr, int radix );
| stdlib.h |

cplusplus.com |

** Convert string to long integer.**

Parses *string* interpreting its content as an integer value until a character
that can not be interpreted is found,
and returns a `long int` value.

** Parameters.**

*string*- String representing an integer number. The number is considered until a non-numeric
character is found (only the digits from 0 to
*radix-1*are considered valid numeric characters,**signs**are considered valid numeric characters for this parameter). The format used is:

`[whitespaces][+|-][0|0x][nnnnn]`

(where`whitespaces`are any tab or space character and`nnnnn`is a sequence of valid numbers following the specified*radix*) *endptr*- Address of a pointer. This is filled by the function with the address where scan has ended. Serves to determine where there is the first non-numerical character in the string.
*radix*- Numeral radix in which the number to be interpreted. Must be
`0`or be between`2`and`36`. If it is`0`the radix of the string is determined by the initial characters of the string:**initial chars****Interpreted by strol as**`0x`hexadecimal: radix 16 `0`octal: radix 8 any number from `1`to`9`decimal: radix 10

** Return Value.**

The converted `long int` value from the input *string*.

If conversion would cause overflow the result is `LONG_MAX` or `LONG_MIN`.

If an error occurs or no conversion can be made **0** is returned.

** Portability.**

Defined in ANSI-C.

** Example.**

/* strtol example */ #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> main () { char szInput [256]; char * pEnd; long l; printf ("Enter an integer value: "); gets (szInput); l = strtol (szInput,&pEnd,0); printf ("Value entered: %ld. Its double: %ld\n",l,l*2); return 0; }

** See also.**

**atof**,
**strtol**,
**strtoul**